Art is a medium through which an individual can
- Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal
Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal was born on 14th July 1914 in
India. He passed the High School Examination in 1930 from
DAV High School,
Muzaffarnagar. His father wanted him to become an engineer
but he had a keen
interest in paintings and music since childhood. When he was
exam, unfortunately or fortunately ink pot spoiled his
answer sheet, so by
entered in the field of art during Indian National Movement.
As he was
participating in non-cooperation movement, he was arrested
and was advised
far away from his hometown. Fortunately, he happened to meet
a good friend
Lucknow who encouraged Sanghal to join Lucknow School of
Arts seeing his
inclination towards drawing and painting. After completing 5
Arts in 1936, he certainly earned a degree but his yearning
style remained unsatiated. This desire paved his way to meet
Indian style Asit Kumar Halder (then Principal of Lucknow
School of Arts)
imparted him knowledge and mentored him in the field of
He established an exclusive school for Fine Arts at
Allahabad in 1938 as the
‘Allahabad School of Art’. The school was officially
registered and renamed
Bharti Parishad’ during meeting with Ex. President of India
Art’s critic Rai Krishan Das and poetess Mahadevi Verma. It
Indian style of Painting, Sculptures, Instrumental, Dance –
‘Manipuri’, ‘Kathak’ and ‘Modern’. He remained director of
Kala Bharati from
1964. The school was run by a close aid eventually shutting
down after a few
Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal teaching students at Kala
Bharti in Allahabad
Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal with Sonia Gandhi at an
delhi in 1992
Sanghal joined his alma matter Lucknow School of Arts in
Arts. In 1967 he became the Principal of Lucknow School of
serving the school till 1973. He continued his Allahabad
took art classes at his own residence in Lucknow till 2004.
syllabus of Fine Arts of Kanpur University and published the
Chittrakala Paddhati’ based on that in 1985 in Hindi.
Sanghal was art advisor of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (First
as Nehru ji was very fond of Indian Art and on his personal
advice, he has
book on Philosophy of Art ‘Evolution of Art and Artists’.
book took 12
complete and is yet to be published. During that time Nehru
his daughter Indu (Smt. Indira Gandhi, then Congress
India) which was accepted by Sanghal and he taught her Arts.
card was also designed by him and it was praised a lot by
The book cover of 'Bhartiya Chitrakala Paddhati'
released in 1985.
Bhartiya Chitrakala Paddhati
Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal
syllabus of Fine Arts of Kanpur University and published the
Chittrakala Paddhati’ based on that in 1985 in Hindi for
dealing with aesthetical, historial and specially technical
aspects of Indian art.
This book widely covers different aspects of art. It
definition of art, the significance of art
in our lives, nature of art and its various dimensions.
Prof. Sanghal goes on to explain the
aesthetical aspect of art from his perpective. It truely
reflects the stress he laid on 'satyam',
'shivam' 'sundaram', the rasas (emotional falvors), the six
principles of Art and the eternal joy that art provides.
part of the book throws light on the historical aspects
of art - the different styles of art that existed at various
points in time.
The third part of the book is the most interesting part as
it covers the practical aspects of art in the words of Prof.
The basics of drawing with beautiful drawing illustrations,
his original methods of making a perfect face, figure,
hands, legs, leaves, flowers, trees, etc. He also explains
the perfect measurements to draw which
is totally in sync with how nature made everything. The book
explains his painting techniques and what makes his
paintings so unique and
ever lasting. His wash technique is explained in his book in
great detail. How is his wash technique
is different and the way he evolved the existing techniques.
Evolution of Art and Artists
On a special incident, he got inspiration for art education
through writing when in 1942 on the day of holi at 6 in the
morning Pandit Nehru invited him to Anand Bhavan to prepare
an invitation card for his daughter’s (Mrs.Indira Gandhi)
wedding. As a request to prepare wedding invitation in
Indian style, he discussed on various art aspects with
Pandit Nehru for 2 hours and at the end he advised Sanghal
to write down all the thoughts. It was this discussion which
inspired him to start writing the epic ‘Evolution of Art and
This book is written in English in three huge volumes and it
took 12 years for
Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal to write this book.
All his contributions in the field of art are the result of
his firm faith in
a super-abstract God whose existence he easily and
successfully proved in the history of philosophy in this
book by means of
the venetian theory of colors. Unfortunately the book is
still unpublished and it will
be one of our efforts to get it published and bring it
forward for everyone.
First artist from Uttar Pradesh with a consistent record of getting following
first prizes or some prizes of high order, whenever exhibited his works in any
of the leading All-India Art exhibitions held in undivided India.
- Second prize in 1937 for the painting 'Chak puja' in the whole exhibition
held by All-India Fine Arts and Crafts Society, New Delhi.
- First Prize in 1939 for the painting 'Birth greetings' in Indian wash style
of painting by All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society, New Delhi.
- First Prize for ‘Portrait of Tagore’ in tapestry work at the Dasahra
Exhibition in Mysore, 1940
- First Prize in 1941 for the painting 'Rama's departure' in
of painting at the Society's 10th Annuual
Art Exhibition held by All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society,
Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal was awarded first prize by All
India Arts and Crafts Society New Delhi in 1941.
- First Prize in 1947 for the painting 'Marriage procession' in
painting by the Bombay Art Society at their Bombay exhibition.
Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal was awarded first prize by
Bombay Arts Society in 1947.
- Highly commended in 1947 for the painting 'Tapestry worker' for Western
painting in water color medium.
- Tagore Gold Medal for new medium in 1947 for the painting 'Khoria' by
Academy of Fine Arts, Calcutta
- The painting ‘Tempest of Life’ was selected for the first National Art
Exhibition held by Lalit kala akademi, New Delhi in 1955.
- Indianized Chinese and Japanese Wash technique of paintings on the basis of
Indian 'rasa' theory
- Evolved pure Indian means of expression of original 'bhavas' (feelings and
ideas) through painting in series form like 'mahakavyas' in literature. eg.
'Marraige series', 'Indian life series', 'River of life series', 'Arjun
series', 'Man series', 'Gandhi series' and 'Ramcharit series'
- Evolved original technique of tapestry work in India for the first time for
'figure-composition', 'landscape' and 'portraiture' with full tonal values.
- Evolved original, creative and dynamic method of teching imaginative,
idealistic and subjective Indian style of painting as explained in his book
'Bhartiya Chitrakala Paddhati'
- Evolved and improved a durable process of lacsit painting on wood with water
or tempera color medium.
- Evolved a novel technique of Indian painting based on Ajanta, Rajasthan,
Mugal shailis incorporating therein some creative and congenial Eastern
Chinese/Japanese and Western technical principals. Thus, symbolizing
integration and unity of Indians in particular and mankind in general.
- Founded a cultural institution 'KALA BHARTI' at Allahabad on 02-02-1938,
registered on 28-10-1957. It imparted training on Indian style of painting,
sculpture, Batik, Leather work, various applied arts and handicrafts. It
also imparted training on Music (vocal and instrumental), Dance
(Bharatnatyam, Manipuri, Kathak and modern). It got recognized by the
National Sangit Natak Akademi (New Delhi)
and State Lalit Kala Akademi (Lucknow).
- Fouded painting department at the Allahabad University at the request at its
- One of the founders of the U.P Artists Association, Lucknow. It was
recognized by both National and State Lalit Kala Akademis.
Thoroughly studied principles of Yogic therapy and Naturopathy and he
applied them practically since 1948 in his own life for his own good and
for the good of others.
- Had been a true congressman as follower of Gandhiji undergoing
imprisonment for few days while conducting picketing of liquor
shops as head of volunteer corpse.
- Helped Congress by donating money collected out of sale of
artistic leather-works through Indira Gandhi, Pandit sisters,
Sapru sisters ,Katjus, Malviyas and others but on the other hand
flatly refused to accept the offer of Lady Hallet( wife of late
British Governor of Uttar Pradesh) and Lady Tom (wife of chief
justice of Allahabad High Court) to organise Art Exhibition in
- Helped congress during 1937 elections by getting huge artistic
gates erected like Ajanta gate, Mughal gate, Rana Pratap Gate,
Grain gate, Textile gate, etc in different cities under the
Delhi provincial Congress Committee with the result that
Jawaharlal Nehru embraced him for the new idea and grand display
Prof. Sukhvir Sanghal with Mahatma Gandhi.
- Prepared a very simple but meaningful design of invitation card
for the marriage of Indira Gandhi on the invitation of Pandit
Jawaharlal Nehru on Holi of 1942 which was highly appreciated.
- Was invited to prepare mural painting with subject DANDI MARCH
for decoration of COUNCIL HOUSE, Lucknow.
- Have the proud privilege of painting 'THOU ART DUST to DUST
RETURNEST' being purchased for Royal collection by late KING
GEORGE, the V.
His paintings and books, present for the first time in the history of art and
aesthetics, some original and easy proofs, meanings, significances, values, causes
and effects regarding the following -
- Existence of God and soul through Venetian color theory
- Origin of emotional flavor (‘Rasa’) in human art which was different from
Bharatamuni’s theory of Rasa
- Origin of Art in human life
- New Principles of form-composition and color composition based on the
properties of 'dharamas' of elements of nature and soul for dynamic progress
- Significance of colors with respect to different emotional flavors (‘Rasas’)
- Absence of light and shade, abstraction of colors and use of lines in
Eastern schools of paintings, along with the stress on light and shade
concretion of colors for texture in Western ones
- Prominence of yellow and red colors in Rajasthan paintings
- Rise and fall of different styles or schools of painting
- Developed six principles of Art for creating ‘Rasas’ (emotional flavours)
which are different from those of Yashodhar Pandit, the commentator of
Vatsyayanas’s Kama Sutra.
- He also evolved an original formula for the correct reading and
interpretation of ‘mudras’ which were so far left unheeded and unexplained.
- Like attributes - sat, chit, ananda of 'sachchidananda parmatman' or God;
three satta, rajas, tamas gunas of 'anatman' or nature; he explained
aesthetically three values - satyam, shivam, sundaram of 'Jivatman' or soul
and art also as a means of expression of 'bhavas' vibrated by it